Singapore is an Island state in the southern Malaysia with stifling climate and multi-cultured people. Singapore is one of the most liveable and reasonably thriving cities in the world, with a GDP equaling to the foremost European countries.
Singapore is a small and heavily populated city with almost 505 million people living in 750 square kilometers of land. Singapore is everyone’s resident, where it is setting trends for quickly urbanizing countries worldwide.
Here are the 5 innovative Ideas to steal from Singapore and the challenges how they overcame to develop their city.
1. Include a Plan
Concept plans have designed since 1971, with durable visualizations and foresees for the development of Singapore’s infrastructure. Such durable planning’s were crucial for growing faster than the expected with the increasing population.
Khoo Teng Chye, Executive Director of the Center for Livable Cities, Singapore says high density does not necessarily mean low liveability and their top priority is to provide houses to the people and create jobs.
To improve liveability, transference of commercial hubs also plays key role in the country's urban design to reduce blocking and travelling time.
Planning for clean air, clean water and green cover was vital to Singapore's city planning, as there are no enough natural resources and with limited land made them to concentrate on growing plants. Nature and escalated advancement of utilities and foundation including force plants, profound underground sewerage and decline incineration plays key role to develop the city.
2. Don't waste your waste
Singapore has set a instance for water resource through its NEWater plants where compost water is filtered to standards usable water.
Singapore doesn’t have space to store the waste; they effectively collected the waste and managed to increase their land masses resulting wastes are combined with marine sand to extend the land.
3. See Green with A/C
Singapore’s climate is hot and humid as it is nearer to the equator, the developed nature of the city increases further temperatures; the heat effect is mainly caused by buildings blocking air flow, transport emissions and long-wave radiation heating up the island nation.
Lot of the city's energy expenditure goes towards cooling people down; almost 60% of Singapore's electricity is for buildings. Most buildings use electricity to cool-down and dehumidify public and work spaces. Singapore is a noisy city due to all the [cooling] units on the wall.
To beat this over consumption of energy, Schluter's group are presently guiding a task with the United World College of South East Asia in which they are dehumidifying the air outside to a building and streaming the subsequent cool air over the facade of a building.
As per FCL, "the innovation comprises of aloof chilled bars, conveyed ventilation units consolidated with an under floor air dissemination system and new control frameworks," and evacuated the requirement for aerating and cooling frameworks. "It implies we can spare a considerable measure of space - up to 1/3 of a building," says Schluter.
Plans for new structures in Singapore now additionally consistently join outline for normal ventilation by catching and advancing wind move through an open space.
At the point when populace expands and interest for area spikes in like manner, the inclination is to fabricate upwards - similar to the case for most urban areas around the world.
Be that as it may, with exceptional - and all the more squeezing - land limitations contrasted with whatever remains of the world, Singapore has now started to manufacture downwards and is taking working environments underground.
Furthermore, they're diving deep underground - first with ammo offices, then the Jurong rock sinkholes putting away oil in natural hollows far beneath the ground and soon different commercial enterprises, for example, science research facilities.
"It's a better approach for utilizing underground space on a bigger scale," says Jian Zhao, Professor of Geomechanics at Monash University, Australia. Zhao was already at Nan yang specialized college in Singapore where he added to the first research proposition investigating the choices to go underground.
The outline includes delving sinkholes into shakes more than 100 meters beneath the ground.
"Underground, everything is a great deal more steady," says Zhao alluding to elements, for example, vibrations, temperature and moistness which are imperative for offices, for example, force plants, water repositories and mechanical settings all in all. "The thought is to make the city more liveable by putting everything undesirable underground,"
5. Secure Technology
The Singapore mass rapid transit (MRT) is measured as the best public transport systems in the world, due to limits on vehicle ownership and intellectual buildings have been in use for more than a decade assisting association and amusement through public and work spaces.
But increasing density is building more pressure on the country's haulage. Singapore needs to adapt some innovate techniques in order to meet needs for residence, recreation and lifestyle. Innovation has been at the root of the country's development both for liveability and sustainability.
"Technology is a key quality of green buildings," says Yvonne Soh, General Manager of the Singapore Green Buildings Council. "This can respond to the environment quickly and to people,"
Responding to actions and uses of space in real-time can cut energy needs radically. This prominence on technology has helped Singapore become one of the Greenest cities in the world.